Alan Watts (via larmoyante)
In Techniques of the Observer, Jonathan Crary argues that a radical reconfiguration of vision took place in the early decades of the nineteenth century. The early modern camera obscura and the modern stereoscope emblematize this transformation for Crary, supplying a kind of diptych for his argument. (Crary is not a technological determinist; the transformation of seeing is not causally dependent on these devices. Instead, Crary takes a Deleuzian approach: such material technologies existed only in assemblages with other social forces, regimes of knowledge, and networks of spaces.)
The camera obscura model, dominant in early modernity, assumed a rational observer to be set apart from a “pre-given world of objective truth” (40). The observer’s visual perception was a “mechanical apparatus” that infallibly transcribed reality (39). The body’s other senses did not pollute this efficient, direct, and objective process. The historical basis for this understanding can be found in philosophers Diderot and Descartes, as well as artists Vermeer, Cadaletto, and J.B Chardin.
The camera obscura model broke down in the 1820s and 1830s. This rupture can be seen most clearly in an analysis of stereoscopes (though Crary also considers such visual toys as phenakistiscopes, thaumatropes, zootropes, kaleidoscopes, and dioramas). In viewing a stereoscope, Crary argues, it is perception itself that was made visible—not a fixed external image ‘out there.’
Joss Whedon (via hermionejg)
BR: Kuwait is a crazy mix: a super-affluent country, yet basically a welfare state, though with a super neo-liberal consumer economy.
FQ: We consume vast amounts of everything. Instagram businesses are a big thing in Kuwait.
BR: What’s an Instagram business?
FQ: If you have an Instagram account, you can slap a price tag on anything, take a picture of it, and sell it. For instance, you could take this can of San Pellegrino, paint it pink, put a heart on it, call it yours, and declare it for sale. Even my grandmother has an Instagram business! She sells dried fruit. A friend’s cousin is selling weird potted plants that use Astroturf. People are creating, you know, hacked products.” —magazine / issue / Fatima Al Qadiri & Lauren Boyle | MOUSSE CONTEMPORARY ART MAGAZINE (via new-aesthetic)